Looking at the quality of the journal is known to be one of the best ways to make Journal selection. The Clarivate Analytics Journal Citation Report provides journal rankings. This Report shows journals listed by Impact Factor. Other metrics can be used to rank journals using this online resource. The Reports depend on the Web of Science Research Database.
What Is a Journal Citation Report?
Dr. Eugene Garfield established the Web of Science. It contains information dating back to 1900 and also shows the connections in research. The Web of Science Research Database enables us to see which researchers are citing which publication. Via this citation data, it is then possible to see the most influential research around globally. Individual research work is also traceable.
The Journal Citation Reports are also valuable for identifying the quality of a journal. The citation reports assign each journal to one category. This is very practical and efficient when you are looking for let’s say a journal in the Environmental Science Category, finding a highly ranked journal in this category is possible and the search is more convenient. Researchers can use this information to decide where to publish, they are also able to identify predatory journals.
There are two versions of the Journal Citation Reports. There is a Science Edition that includes more than 8,600 journals in 176 categories. In addition, there is a Social Sciences Edition with more than 3,100 journals in 56 categories. There exist several metrics in this Report, including impact factor, the total number of cites, and the immediacy index.
The impact factor is a measure of the importance of a journal and depends on data for the two years before the publication of the Report. It is an easy metric to calculate. First, find the total number of citations to articles in the journal. Secondly, find the total number of articles published in the journal. Divide the number of citations by the total number of articles. In the Report, journals appear in the order of decreasing impact factor by default.
Note that the impact factor should apply only to journals and never for individual articles in a journal. A lot of times this number is misused. The downside of this factor is that the non-English journals are under-represented. It also includes journal self-citation.
The immediacy index is a metric which identifies who is publishing hot topics. It depends on how often journal articles are cited in the year in which they were published. The immediacy index also needs to be used with caution. Obviously, journals that are publishing often tend to score high on the immediacy index. Articles published early in the year receive more citations than those published toward the end of the year. This also affects the calculation of the immediacy index. So these factors need to be considered when using this metric.
Journal Citation Reports are usually accessed via an institution. You can search directly for the journal of interest. The journal’s profile page will give you additional information. This will include the metrics that give an idea of the relevance and credibility of the journal. Sometimes we do not have a specific journal in mind, in these cases, one can simply select “categories by rank”. Next, choose the Report year and either Science or Social Science edition and click “Submit”. Click on the Category headings to view them alphabetically. Clicking on a category will present a summary of that category. The “Cited Category Data” will present a list of journals within that subject. Clicking on a journal will give you further options. These include journal rank, source data, and relationships to other journals. An option for every need and request indeed.
Based on the Web of Science Research Database, the Citation Report provide many journal rankings be it a journal impact factor, total cites, or immediacy index. This system helps the academics to a great extent for their Journal selection, it is also a practical approach to relate with key bibliometric analysis of academic journals.